A study of Jack London

A Study of Jack Londons Belief in Darwinism Jack London has a strong belief in Darwinism, survival of the fittest, during the late 1800s through the early 1900s, when he wrote. Throughout his writings, many characters display Londons belief in Darwinism. In the novel, The Call of the Wild, Jack Londons belief in social darwinism is portrayed by animals interacting with humans, each other, and the environment. This can be shown through Buck, a house dog turned sled dog, interacting with his masters, other dogs, and the Yukon wilderness. As Buck travels from master to master throughout the course of the novel he learns, through trial and error, what behavior brings rewards, and that which brings punishment. [Buck] had never been struck by a club in his life, and did not understand. …he was [now] aware that it was a club, but his madness knew no caution. A dozen times he charged, and as often the club broke the charge and smashed him down (London 18). Buck …had learned the lesson, and in all his after life he never forgot it. That club was a revelation. …the lesson was driven home to Buck: a man with a club was a lawgiver, a master to be obeyed… (London 20). Buck learned to do as his masters say. …he grew honestly to respect them. He speedily learned that Perrault and Francois were fair men… (London 21). Buck also learned when and how to defend himself against man. Londons depiction of Bucks struggle to learn how to survive in an unfamiliar environment has been compared to western societys struggle with encroaching communism. The study of Jack Londons work became a mirror of the turbulent McCarthy era… (Veggian 2). Through these struggles, Buck was able to adapt and survive in a world controlled by man. Buck also had to learn when and how to fight other dogs. …

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