There are a number of profound reasons that caused the French Revolution. Prevailing reasons include social inequality, economic downfall, and the introduction of new ideals into society. This introduction of new, radical ideals is what is known to historians as the Enlightenment. Enlightenment ideals provided a major foundation of motivation for change in France. These ideals stimulated absolute monarchs to apply reason to statecraft, a search for useful reforms, as well as a philosophe-shaped public opinion in order to spread their radical new world-view. Absolutist monarchs customarily managed the state in their own interest; that is, whatever allowed them to remain absolute. Enlightenment ideals radically changed the monarchs into thinking with reason and not personal will. Colossal changes were implemented economically and socially. Noble power was re-asserted yet new taxes were implemented to compensate for the enormous national debt. Nobles would tax the peasants more, peasants would have less money to buy from middle class businessman. These ideals initiated a comprehensive social upheaval. The 3 Estates all had class specific reforms. The clergy and nobility fought for more power while everyone else, the Third Estate, fought for class representation. In order for a reform to be made or law to be passed 2 of the 3 Estates needed to approve it. The case was usually the clergy and nobility conspiring against the Third Estate. This causing the majority of France’s population to remain uneasy while the powerful minority sat comfortably oblivious to the Third Estates buzz of disapproval. French philosphes asked questions in accordance to the significance of life, God, human nature, good and evil, and cause and effect. Their driving force was not to influence provincial society, but to influence the social elite. Their was the “enlightened public” and the “blind multitude”. The elit…

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