how can alternative source of energy be harnessed effectively ( switzerland )Project description how can alternative source of energy be harnessed effectively ( switzerland ) . if you know the english 101 subject , i need the essay of sustainableenergy will be in text 2a-2b ( source book ) but its about diffrent country i want you to write about ( switzerland ) ,Template for essay outline / planIntroductory paragraph1General statement To introduce the reader to the subject of the essay.2Background information about your topic3Justification (reason)for your choice of topic focus what I hope to achieve4Definitions ? explanation of specific terms related to the topic , e.g. what do you mean when you use the term ?academic studies?? 5Thesisstatement Topic + either your opinion /attitude /point of view /idea6Preview Telling the reader what they can expect to follow in the essay.Body paragraph 1Topic sentenceSupport 1Support 2Support 3Body paragraph 2Topic sentenceSupport 1Support 2Support 3Body paragraph 3Topic sentenceSupport 1Support 2Support 3ConclusionLogical conclusionBrief summaryComment on ideasPredictions / RecommendationsFormatting an Assignment / Research paperRemember that you are trying to make it as easy as possible for the reader to focus on and understand the content of your assignment and thus giveyou marks. You can achieve this by presenting a coherent, well-developed argument that addresses the assignment criteria and is well-written andreferenced appropriately. Failure to use scholarly conventions, such as citing the literature sources of your points, can make your work look naiveand in some instances result in concerns about possible plagiarism.Layout and conventions of scholarly writing are important professional, as well as academic, skills essential to effective communication ofknowledge. For this reason marks are allocated to your effective use of these in the context of your assignments.Poor layout can result in a barrier to the reader understanding your message. The following instructions for your assignment presentation may help tomake its content more accessible.1. Include a Table of Contents and lists of figures and tables. Sections and sub-sections should be numbered consecutively and titled. Figuresand tables should be titled and numbered consecutively, and referenced where appropriate. 2. Use A4 page setup 3. Text should be in Arial, size 11 4. Line spacing should be 1.5, not single. 5. 1 blank line between paragraphs and 5 spaces indenting in the beginning of a paragraph or one tab space 6. Page margins: top 2.5 cm (1 inch), bottom 2.5 cm (1 inch), left 3 cm (1.25 inch), right 3 cm (1.25 inch) 7. Header: name :hussainalsaadiand student number : eac0913819 aligned to right margin, assignment title aligned to left margin, 8 point size 8. Footer: page number aligned in the middle,date aligned to the left margin and instructor name : sally spring aligned to the right, 8 pointsize 9. Use graphics (diagrams, graphs, charts and tables) to clarify or illustrate a point. Position graphics within the body of the text adjacentto their textual reference. Make some reference to them within your text, e.g. see Table 2.1. 10. Use a style to make headings stand out: Arial Font size 11 Bold Do not use CAPITALS or underline. These are typewriter styles that are no longer relevant to word processors. 11. Use a style to make a word stand out within the body of your text, eg. italic or bold (Do not use this for quotes from the literature. Usethe referencing guide style for quotes) 12. Adhere to the word limit. Writing in excess of the word limit can disadvantage you if the marker has allocated a time limit to reading eachassignment.Use the spell-checking feature of your word processor and proof read the assignment to correct errors. Poor spelling and punctuation looks sloppy andcan make your work so unintelligible to read that it becomes a serious barrier for the reader attempting to understand your intent. This effect canbe compounded if the reader is already struggling to follow poor sentence structure.Read the criteria for each assignment carefully and make sure you address each of these in your assignments. The order of the criteria also gives youa guide to the structure and sequence of each section of your assignment.For the purposes of this college, the ordering of a research paper is as follows:Title Page See MOODLE for sample. Title Getting this right is more crucial than you may think. If you decide on a title which is too vague, you run the risk of lacking focus or cohesion andnot making any specific points worthy of note. Construct a title which forces you to concentrate on something in particular, ask a specific questionor make a specific comparison. You could have a two-part title where the first part, the main title, is short and perhaps rather general in naturebut the second part very focused, picking up a particular aspect of the main title. You might also adopt a similar procedure but make the main titleenigmatic, cryptic or apparently contradictory, followed by a sub-title which begins to explainwhat it is all about. It is a journalistic approachwhich works by grabbing the reader?s attention from the outset.?This is a short summary, usually about 300 words in length, of the contents of a continuous or extended piece of writing and its conclusions. It ismore usually placed or copied into a filing system or inputted into a database so that those searching for information of interest to them can seequickly whether or not your work will be of any use to them. Despite the fact that it is placed at the beginning of the work, it is much easier ? andwill save you a great deal of trouble ? if it is written last of all; that way, you can ensure that the contents of the abstract exactly match thecontents of the writing. See specific handout on the features of an abstract.Table of Contents Include a Table of Contents and lists of figures and tables. Figures and tables should be titled and numbered consecutively, and referenced where appropriate. The main sections of a paper can be numbered, and can have sub-sections with sub-headings, which are also numbered. These correspond roughly toparagraphs in an essay. You will often see reports where the main sections are given single numbers ? 1, 2, 3 and so on and the sub-sections aregiven a decimal number ? 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and so on. See p.4IntroductionYou must start numbering from the Introduction ? not before. Say what your research/project/enquiry is about. What are you writing about, why? What are your objectives? What are you trying to show or prove (your hypothesis)?MethodologySay how you did your research/enquiry and the methods you used. How did you collect your data? For example, if you conducted a survey, say how many people were included and how you selected them. Say whether you used interviews or questionnaires and how you analyzed the data.Key Terminology For the purposes of your paper, you need to clarify with the reader that your definition of certain key words will be understood in a specific way bythe reader, e.g. academic studies.Findings Give the results of your research. Do not, at this stage, try to interpret the results ? simply report them. This section may include graphs, charts,diagrams etc. (clearly labeled). Be very careful about copyright if you are using published charts/tables/illustrations, etc.DiscussionThis is where you actually interpret your findings. What do they show? Were they what you expected? Could your research have been done in a betterway? Etc.Conclusion These should follow on logically from the Findings and Discussion sections. Summarise the key points of your findings and show whether they prove ordisprove your hypothesis. Wherever possible you should make recommendations arising from your research.Recommendations References Reference List and Bibliography These are not the same. A reference list is a list of all the works from which you have quoted or which you have specifically referred to in your writing. A bibliography isa list of all works you have read or part-read during the preparation of the paper, including those to which you have not made any reference at all,but which have helped you formulate your ideas or given you further information. Sometimes, departments allow you to combine the two ? check thiswith your supervisor. List all your sources in alphabetical order, using the referencing system recommended by your Department. In EAC it recommended to use the Harvardsystem of referencing.AppendixUse for information that may be of interest to the reader but was unnecessary to include in the body of the paper. For example, questions asked in aninterview, sample questionnaire.Writing style for reportsThe style of reports should be concise, giving precise detail. Flowery language should not be used. Data may be presented as charts, graphs or tables, if appropriate. Descriptions of methodology should be sufficiently clear and detailed to allow someone else toreplicate them exactly.Scientific reports tend to be written in what is called the passive voice, which is more formal. For example, The experiment would have been better if ?., rather than I could have improved the experiment by ?.. Similarly, It is recommended that?. rather than I recommend?.. This isbecause a scientific report is intended to be objectiveand based on the analysis of data, rather thansubjective and based on personal views and opinions.Table of Contents1Introduction 42Methodology43Findings53.1How Conventional Wings Work53.1.1Generation of Lift53.1.2Swept Wings63.1.3Disadvantages of SweptWings73.2Introducing Blended Wings73.2.1Blended Wings73.2.2Developers of the Blended Wing83.3The Science Underlying Blended Wings: Effects onEfficiency and Operation83.3.1Efficiency Improvements through use of Blended Wings93.3.2Operational Improvements when using Blended Wings93.4TheAdvantages of Implementing Blended Wings in Commercial Aircraft103.5Factors that Delay the Implementation of Blended Wings in CommercialAircraft114Discussion125Conclusion14References Appendices1517Figure 1Torrents A and B5Figure 2Pressure differences producing lift6Figure 3Spanwise and normal components of velocity on a swept wing7Figure4Blended wing body8Figure 5Blended wing body?s centre body chord9Table 1Advantages of Implementing Blended Wings in Commercial Aircraft10 Table2Delays in Implementation of Blended Wings in Aircraft11:
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