Lecture 8: Ancient Greece Essay Help

The Island of Santorini (location of one of the outposts) ? Eruption ca 1470 BC Thera ? Minoan colony. Eruption sent a massive tsunami to Crete (evidence of destruction on the sea-coast) Volcanic ash preserved a lot of the Minoan artifacts (houses objects etc.) Minoan houses; rain led to collapse of the rooftops The Palace of Knossos or? The Palace of Minos (ca. 1900-1100 BC) Social hierarchies develop which led to extravagant palaces The palace had places for ceremonial functions manufacturing of products (metals); served as the political capital for these small states; had storage spaces (palaceLecture 8: Ancient Greece collected tax from surrounding country side) ? comes in form of agricultural stuff The Central Courtyard at Knossos Bull leaping took place in these courtyards (ceremonial event (?)) Bulls = important in a religious context (connection to religion) Emphasized on the community Frescoes = painting on walls (individuals sitting watching people dance within these large places) Could be meeting places for events like dancing Lavish building: well-cut stones; well-constructed buildings; highly decorated The Minoans like to depict scenes of nature in art; (marine fresco = dolphin fresco) In storage spaces: grain wine olive oil Mount Juktas- A Minoan Peak Sanctuary Minoans didn?t worship in temples but in shrines on high mountain peaks (Peak Sactuaries) Communicated with Gods (the peaks are higher to the Gods) Large open-air high spaces Each palace have a peak sanctuary and can be seen from the courtyard Minoan Writing 1) Pictographs- pictures representing various things (ex. The Phaistos Disk ? in spirals) 2) Hieroglyphs- 1700-1600 BC- Minoans somehow adopted Egyptian idea 3) Linear A (syllabic + ideograms)- consists of various inscriptions all made by a line Undeciphered; therefore we have no idea what language they spoke Documented from what were in the storages”

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