In learning a particular language we enhance the communicative language skills; the receptive skills and productive skills. Receptive skills include understanding through listening and reading. Productive skills are speaking and writing. When we learn English as a language and when we utilize this language as a tool for communication we learn and make use of all these communication arts. But normally people become strong in some skills and weak in others. Most of the time Listening is considered to be a weakness. Listening is considered as a neglected art. Almost everyone can hear but few can reallyListening Skill is a neglected Art listen. Many people fail to recognize the art of listening and the value of listening to acquire information. They tend to ignore the fine line that separates the distinction between the natures of passive listening and active listening. In our daily conversation with people meetings or conferences and formal classroom set up listening is believed to be of paramount concern. People tend to neglect the art of listening because of the different language barriers apart from the dominant fact that people are fond of talking rather than listening. Few people can achieve understanding the essence of what has been said by a certain speaker because they have not mastered the skills necessary for listening. These language barriers include poor vocabulary to be able to comprehend what has been spoken about lack of interest on the speaker or what we call non-egocentric pro-social behaviour which is essential on the part of both the speaker and listener. Absence of focus or concentration which may be influenced by physical and even emotional barriers can hinder listening. Close-mindedness and over-stimulation which make a person too quick to judge because of the speaker?s accent appearance impression and poor delivery can also be contributing factors why listening is neglected. People tend to develop more negative listening habits rather than positive listening habits which definitely hinder listening to be able to comprehend the essentials of what has been listened to. According to K Crawford An open ear is worth much more than an open mouth so listen! 2. Oral communication skills are a significant factor in the acquisition of facts and in the process of learning. Oral communication skills refer to speaking and listening competencies. These are necessary to be able to participate verbally in discussions and interactions to be able to exchange ideas and concrete information to make clear and persuading presentations and of course to interact with a variety of audiences. These skills are utilized as we communicate with other people. These are essentials in the acquisition of facts. We learn from listening and at the same time we are able to figure out facts when we air out our thoughts and opinions through speaking. Oral communication is the ability to talk with others to give and exchange information and ideas. We acquire information when asking questions. We give information when giving directions and we exchange messages when coordinating our work tasks with others. Explaining and persuading are essentials in the process of learning especially to us as teachers. Our students learn more and easily persuaded when things are explained well. It is said that oral skills are at the very foundation of literacy. Speaking and Listening such as in a classroom talk help students to learn to reflect on what they are learning and to communicate their knowledge and understanding. Thus oral skills are important in the process of learning. These communication skills are significant factors in acquiring information and learning. 3. What we do is far better than what we communicate basically means that we have to walk the talk not just talk the talk. An old adage says Actions speak louder than words?. That is so true. Benjamin Franklin advocates Well done is even better than well said?. According to Arnold Glasow An idea not coupled with action will never get any bigger than the brain cell it occupied.? These quotes elaborate the importance of the fulfilment of what has been communicated planned and agreed. What has been planned must be realized and executed. For instance a lesson well planned will never be effective unless it is executed and proven. In the context of education and learning this has something to do with the application of what has been learned and caught. As mentioned in the Domains of Bloom?s Taxonomy Knowledge is more of a fundamental skill compared to Application. Therefore application is far better than knowledge same thing with Cognitive domain and Psychomotor domain. Learning (cognitive) would not be as effective as expected without psychomotor skills (actions).Students may acquire information and learn facts but I believe applying these acquired information and learned facts on a real life situation is even more relevant. On the context of real life situation actions are aid to be mirror of the mind. What a person thinks is expressed when she/he speaks. The ideas have been communicated. When we communicate with people we can only let them know what our opinions and thoughts are we only let them understand what we say. Persuasion has always been a question. When we communicate we may be understood by other people but we seldom persuade their minds most especially if what we say is against or far even more opposite to what other people see from us. This explains what William Shakespeare said Action is Eloquence?. It is through actions where we give judgements fulfilments and realizations to all that have been communicated. I?d like to end my response with these inspiring lines about how actions are vital in our lives. The vision must be followed by the venture. It is not enough to stare up the steps we must step up the stairs. – Vance Havnerliving-downstream-essay-essayLiving downstream essayThe toxic century refers a history of events in how mankind has polluted the environment and even our own bodies. This was done using harmful chemicals and toxins through a variety of military and industrial practices. Even now if we eat healthy exercise and live the most innocent lives you can come under attack from this invisible enemy simply by existing on this planet. What caused this? Of the 200 organic chemicals known to cause breast cancer in animals 203 are manmade and 9 are natural. This stat shows us that we created a toxic environment. WilhelmLiving downstream essay Hueper who we learned about in class said The majority of human cancers are traceable to environmental exposures and therefore potentially preventable? Why did we do this to ourselves? After each World War numerous military plus industrial practices and technologies have introduced a series of new chemicals into our bodies and damaged the environment we call home. This led to many diseases such as cancer or ?Itai itai by? ?(ouch ouch sickness) the toxic century is a by-product of rapid industrialization due to war. Sandra Steingraber wrote the book living downstream about her experiences with cancer and chemicals. In it she details the wars in playing an active role in the toxic century and in her words? changed chemistry and physics forever.? After each world war the need for each country trying to rapidly industrialize in order to beat other countries was so important that common sense was not present. Countries decided to forgo safety checks in order to make sure their products were more effective. As a result many chemicals such as chorine DDT (used as an insect repellant in the war) and PCB?s were released in society for commercial use. DDT in particular was linked to cancer and hurt wildlife in the areas it was released. Chorine was used in the war as a biological weapon was very effective and fatal against enemies. After the war chorine was released in cleaning products medicines and agriculture. They used propaganda and the ignorance of the people in order to sell the products. It was a time where western society was obsessed with cleanliness they would give up anything to have it in their homes. First it was health issue & economic industry soon it became a desirable convenience & cultural norm. The cold war was created as a by-product of the two world wars. After World War 2 countries have found a new untested technology known as nuclear bombs. This led to the invention nuclear power where countries started generating power from nuclear sources. The problem of this is nuclear accidents. At least 6 of the biggest nuclear accidents have been recorded. Chalk river in Canada being one and the most recent one in Fukushima Japan. Nuclear fallout results in cancerous carcinogens being released into the environment. The effects of which are not felt until years and years later. This is not allof the negative effects more importantly a state of fear was created in society. An example was given in lecture about a town that was near a nuclear plant. When an explosion occurred in the plant the people fled thousands of miles away. The mayor only recommend a few people leave and just a few miles away. This shows you the state of mind these people were in after hearing about other nuclear meltdowns. On the positive side it shows that people understand the dangers of the toxic century and things like this will not be endorsed by the people in the future. Sandra Steingrabber advised at the end of her book that we should use the precautionary principal in our daily lives. That we should act to prevent and not the other way around. One can only imagine what would have happened if we testing chemicals before using them commercially or simply not using them at all. One could argue that we gained so much as a society thanks to the inventions that came along because of these chemicals but can we truly weigh human lives against that? Only in learning about the toxic century like any other piece of history can we prevent future situations similar to the one we are in.”
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