Paper instructions: Please

Paper instructions: Please write a short definition of each of the topicswhich are given in the file, I need it ASAP1. Allocation of scarce resources.2. Modelling, relationship between economic variables.3. Maximizing behaviour.4. Decision-making models.5. Demand and supply.6. Market equilibrium altering and price setting.7. Sensitivity to price of quantities demanded andsupplied.8. Consumer choice and preferences.9. Applications of consumer theory.10. Budget constraint and shifting of demand curves.11. Effects of price change.12. Factor markets, labour, capital.13. Production function.14. Short- and long-run production.15. Productivity factors changing the productionfunction.16. Economies and diseconomies of scale.17. Measurement of short- and long-run costs.18. Competition models.19. Policies that shift supply curves.20. Monopoly model and profit maximisation.21. Price and quantity discrimination.22. Oligopoly and monopolistic competition.23. Interest rates and investment.24. Capital markets and uncertainty.25. Money to money relationship: today and in thefuture.26. Decision-making under uncertainty.27. Relationships between international commerciallaw, European commercial law and Polish commerciallaw.28. Private law and business forms: partnerships,corporations, property, contracts, securing contracts,inheritance, bill of exchange, letter of credit.29. Matrices: definition, manipulation and examples ofapplications.30. Single variable functions: definition, graph andproperties.31. Statistical data acquisition and management.32. Basic probability concepts (random trials, samplespace and events, probability distributions, basisprobability theorems).33. Use of statistical parameters for solution ofproblems.34. Data collection and preparation in econometrics.35. Balance sheet and its analysis.36. The importance of the cash flow statement and itsanalysis.37. Breakeven point and its role in decision making.38. NPV and calculating expected rates of return.39. Financial system: instruments, market, institutions.40. Elements of public finance: budget, deficit, incomes,spending, tax policies.41. Banking system: the role of central, commercial andinvestment banks in the financial system.42. Capital and money markets and instruments.43. Valuation of capital market instruments.44. Risk and return theory ? CAPM model.45. Labour markets and causes of unemployment.46. Fiscal policy, taxes, government debt and budgetdeficits.47. Stabilisation policy, the role of policy rules.48. Differences between process costing and job-ordercosting.49. Ways of measurement of cost of capital.50. Standard costing and variance analysis.Major courses problems1. Interest measurement (simple interest, compoundinterest, discounting).2. Simple problems with compound interest.3. Internal rate of return, net present value methods.4. Typical amortisation schedules for loans.5. Current debt value (prospective and retrospectivemethod).6. Valuation of fixed interest securities (e.g. bonds),yield curve, duration, sensitivity.7. Balance sheet analysis ? structure and dynamics.8. Profit and loss statement analysis.9. Cash flow statement analysis and analysis of otherinformation contained in corporate reports.10. Financial ratios and their interpretation.11. Use of statistical and econometric methods in creditscoring and analysis.12. Double entry book-keeping principles andmaintenance of accounting records.13. Qualitative characteristics of financial information inaccounting.14. Main elements of financial reports.15. Recording transactions and events: provisions andcontingencies.16. Preparing a trial balance: control accounts andreconciliations.17. Preparing basic financial statements and eventsafter reporting period.18. Globalisation and its effect on the economy.19. Foreign exchange market, market microstructureand financial innovation.20. Efficiency of foreign exchange markets andforecasting exchange rates.21. Offshore markets ? eurocurrencies and eurobonds.22. Foreign currency options.23. Currency and interest rate swaps.24. International asset portfolios.25. International corporate financing.26. Economics of financial crises.27. Time value of money concept and its usage infinancial management.28. Value creation as a goal for financial management:valuation of companies (DCF and EVA approaches).29. Investment decision rules: accounting incomedecision rules vs. cash flow-based decision rules.30. Goals and tasks of finance department in value-based management.31. Breakeven point analysis.32. Risk analysis in capital budgeting ? sensitivity andscenario analysis.33. Working capital management: measuring andestimating working capital needs.34. Debt financing options: bank debt, bonds, leasing.35. Stock market, theory of rational expectations, andefficient market hypothesis.36. Banking and management of financial institutions.37. Banking industry: different types of risk andhedging strategies.38. Central banking and conduct of monetary policy.39. Tools of monetary policy.40. Global banking ? banking strategies and foreignexpansion of banks.41. Structure of financial systems and differencesbetween countries.42. The concept of risk and its meaning in theorganisation.43. Insurance and risk: interdependence.44. Meaning and objectives of risk management.45. Private insurance in the financial services industry.46. Insurance company operations.47. Financial operations of insurers.48. Regulation of insurance.49. Life and health insurance.50. The concept of liability risk and insurance.51. Theories of management ? historical overview ofpractices and theories of management.52. Structure and its evolution in organisations.53. Structure and its relation to environmental change.54. Managerial decision-making, problem-solving;decision-making in relation to ethical issues andcorporate social responsibility.55. People, problems of motivation, identity andcontrol in organisations.56. Organisation strategy ? planned or emergent?57. Culture and its relation to structure, technology andhuman capital in organisations.58. Learning and change in evolving technological andorganisational contexts.59. Groups and teams ? dynamics, conflicts, politicsand power.60. Organisational identity and roles.61. Entrepreneurship.62. Ethics and CSR.63. Leadership.64. The concept of value: stock exchange simulation.65. Investment decisions.66. Risk and return in investment decisions.67. Risk and return of portfolios.68. Diversification and efficient portfolios.69. Capital asset pricing model.70. Weighted average cost of capital (WACC).71. Adjusted present value method.72. Performance

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