It?s comfortable interesting attractive and appropriate for the child or children who use it. For some children it becomes like a second home where they eat and sometimes sleep. A suitable environment for a young baby will be very different from a suitable environment for a four or five year old although some features will be the same. Environments should be attractive and make children feel safe and secure and happy to be there and they should also be places where children can confidently play and learn. Research framework that supports a positive environment for children AtPositive environment indoors and outdoors the heart of this framework is an approach which recognises the right of all young children to high quality relationships environments and services which offer a holistic approach to meeting their needs. Such needs should be interpreted broadly and encompass play learning social relationships and emotional and physical wellbeing. This approach is important for all children but is of particular benefit in offering effective support to those children and families requiring higher levels of support. Early intervention has relevance to a wide range of social policy but it is particularly relevant in early years which will often be the earliest and best opportunity to intervene. We have identified 4 principles of early intervention. In short these are: ? we want all to have the same outcomes and the same opportunities; ? we identify those at risk of not achieving those outcomes and take steps to prevent that risk materialising; ? where the risk has materialised we take effective action; ? we work to help parents families and communities to develop their own solutions using accessible high quality public services as required Outcome 3 how to look after children?s skin hair and teeth How does a positive environment and routine support children and their families emotional needs? It teaches children how to behave with people in general so it would help children know how to communicate with their parents and families positively and how to speak to visitors politely. It could also help children to talk to staff about worries they have if the staff are positive and approachable. Having a positive environment also allows parents to talk to the staff and feel included and equal. why is it important for children to have physical and mental time? Basics for a child?s good physical health: Nutritious food Adequate shelter and sleep Exercise Immunizations Healthy living environment Basics for a child?s good mental health: Unconditional love from family Self-confidence and high self-esteem The opportunity to play with other children Encouraging teachers and supportive caretakers Safe and secure surroundings Appropriate guidance and discipline Give children unconditional love. Love security and acceptance should be at the heart of family life. Children need to know that your love does not depend on his or her accomplishments. Mistakes and/or defeats should be expected and accepted. Confidence grows in a home that is full of unconditional love and affection. Nurture children?s confidence and self-esteem. Praise Them ? Encouraging children?s first steps or their ability to learn a new game helps them develop a desire to explore and learn about their surroundings. Allow children to explore and play in a safe area where they cannot get hurt. Assure them by smiling and talking to them often. Be an active participant in their activities. Your attention helps build their self-confidence and self-esteem. Set Realistic Goals ? Young children need realistic goals that match their ambitions with their abilities. With your help older children can choose activities that test their abilities and increase their self-confidence. Be Honest ? Do not hide your failures from your children. It is important for them to know that we all make mistakes. It can be very re-assuring to know that adults are not perfect. Avoid Sarcastic Remarks ? If a child loses a game or fails a test find out how he or she feels about the situation. Children may get discouraged and need a pep talk. Later when they are ready talk and offer assurance. Encourage children ? To not only strive to do their best but also to enjoy the process. Trying new activities teaches children about teamwork self-esteem and new skills. Encourage Children to Play To children play is just fun. However playtime is as important to their development as food and good care. Playtime helps children be creative learn problem-solving skills and learn self-control. Good hardy play which includes running and yelling is not only fun but helps children to be physically and mentally healthy. Children Need Playmates Sometimes it is important for children to have time with their peers. By playing with others children discover their strengths and weaknesses develop a sense of belonging and learn how to get along with others. Consider finding a good children?s program through neighbors local community centers schools or your local park and recreation department. Parents Can be Great Playmates Join the fun! Playing Monopoly or coloring with a child gives you a great opportunity to share ideas and spend time together in a relaxed setting. Play for Fun Winning is not as important as being involved and enjoying the activity. One of the most important questions to ask children is Did you have fun??? not Did you win?? In our goal-oriented society we often acknowledge only success and winning. This attitude can be discouraging and frustrating to children who are learning and experimenting with new activities. It?s more important for children to participate and enjoy themselves Why is it important for children to have quiet and rest time? He body need time each day to recover from all the activity it has been doing this is achieved through sleep and rest. There are 3 levels of quiet period. -sleep times are especially required for babies and toddlers try to make sure that daytime naps are planned for the early afternoon so that the child will still sleep at night. -rest periods are needed for toddlers and pre-school -queit activitites are essential for all age groups as a break between other activities and a chance to recuperate these include things such as story time doing a quiet activity ort listening to music all of which should use material that is soothing and not stimulating. Older children may enjoy watching tv for a short period of time Explain the basic nutrional requirements of children and young people Plenty of fruit and vegetables ? children?s growing bodies require good nutrition and fruit and veg contain a multiple of vitamins minerals and other healthy compounds. Citrus fruits and strawberries are rich in immunce system boosting vitamin C carrots are loaded with eye health vitamin A and spinach is a good source if iron. Eating well also decreases the chance of childhood obesitiy and encourages health life style. Plenty of potatoes bread rice pasta and other starchy foods-starchy foods are a good source of energy and the mains source of a range of nutrients in a child diet as well as starch they contain fibre calcium iron and B vitamins. The protein helps a childs body to grow and repair itself the fibre helps get rid of waste products and B vitamins help release energy and help to body to work properly. Some milk and dairy foods-milk and dairy products provide calcium phosphorous magenesium and protein which are all essential for health bone growth and development which can prevent and protect children from diseases such as brittle bone disorder later in life. The amounts of calcium in dair products are also beneficial for the development and maitainance of health teeth. Some meat fish eggs beans and other non-dairy sources of protein- these foods are rich in protein which is needed for lots of functions throughout the body it is also a good source of vitamin B12 and iron which will help prevent iron deficincy anaemia which is a common condition found in children and can result in children having little energy and looking pale. Explain the governments guidance on a balanced nutritional diet? The UK?s national food guide the eatwell plate defines the government?s advice on a healthy balance diet. The eatwell plate is a visual representation of how different foods contribute towards a healthy balanced diet. The plate model has been tested extensively with consumers and health professionals. The size of the segments for each of the food groups is consistent with government recommendations for a diet that would provide all the nutrients required for a healthy adult or child (over the age of 5). The eatwell plate based on the 5 food groups makes healthy eating easier to understand by giving a visual representation of the types and proportions of foods needed for a healthy balanced diet. Choosing a variety of foods from within the 4 main food groups will add to the range of nutrients consumed. This includes: plenty of fruit and vegetables plenty of bread rice potatoes pasta and other starchy foods some milk and dairy foods some meat fish eggs beans and other non dairy sources of protein Foods and drinks high in fat and/or sugar are not essential to a healthy diet and should be consumed only in small amounts. Full weeks menu for placement. Where would you store the information on the child/young person who has their dietary needs? This information is made clear to all memebers of staff as we all help with dinner time it is also kept in the childs file and is kept in the kitchen and on the side of the fridge. Who would know this information? Everyone at nursery is made aware as well all take part in food times Explain the basic food safety when providing food and drink to children/young people? Cover food= food is kept covered at all times to stop any dust or flies that may get onto the food. Food is also cover to stop if from going bad/stale before it is given out to the children Label children?s own items- if a child brings in their own food/drink it is recorded in the base room of that child?s diary it is made aware to all members of staff that the food has been brought in for that specific child. It is labeled with the child?s full name and base room and is stored correctly In date= all food is checked daily for food that is going out of date or is out of date we give food out from the dates which are closer to becoming out of date first. If food has become out of date it is thrown away. Provide plates=plates are touched with staff who wear gloves and are washed in the dishwasher whenever they are used the plates are dried then put away is a cupboard Wear gloves/aprons when dealing with food= all memebers of staff who are in the conservatory have to wear gloves when giving out food or drink or helping children with their dinner. Aprons are worn by the cook when preparing all meals Let child/young people choose their own food= at placement we give the child an option of a different side either beansspaghetti rice or so on the child is shown two bowls and points to the bowl they want the child does not tough the food in the bowl and when had been given a bowl canot swap for something else. How should a baby?s bottle be warmed=babys bottles are warmed by either poorinh water into the kettle boiling it then added the the baby?s milk and left to cool or if able to the babys bottle is heated in the microwave and left to cool.”
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