Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) is a major problem in hospitalized patients especially in acute care settings. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) among UTI?s acquired in the hospital approximately 75% are associated with urinary catheter which is a tube inserted into the bladder through urethra to drain urine. These incidences can be reduced in the hospital if proper sterilization technique is maintained at the time of bladder catheter insertion and if necessary steps are taken by the nurses to daily monitor the need for catheter placement thereby discontinuing it when it is noPrevention of catheter associated UTI longer needed. The main purpose of this study is to bring back the idea that these conditions can be preventable if the duration of the catheter days is reduced significantly and only be used when indicated. Therefore education is needed for changing the attitude of heath care workers to limit indications for insertion of urinary catheters (Mohammadzadeh & Behnaz 2012) Objective of the Study To assess the incidence and risk factors of catheter-associated urinary tract infections in Yazd ?Iran. Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections A urinary tract infecion (also called UTI?) is an infecion in the urinary system which includes the bladder (which stores the urine) and the kidneys (which filters the blood to make urine). Germs (for example bacteria or yeasts) do not normally live in these areas; but if germs are introduced an infecion can occur. If you have a urinary catheter germs can travel along the catheter and cause an infecion in your bladder or your kidney; in that case it is called a catheter-associated urinary tract infecion (or CA-UTI?). References:- Mohammadzadeh M. & Behnaz F. (2012). Incidence and risk factors of catheter-associated urinary tract. International Journal of Urological Nursing 6(2) 60-65.”
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