Scientific Revolution

Scientific Revolution: George Cuvier Born in Montbeliard, Burgundy. He went to Caroline University and studied administrative, juridical, and economic sciences in 1784. Also studied anatomy. Finished his studies in 1788 and went to work as a tutor for a French family. Moved to Paris in 1795 and was invited by a French naturalist Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire to work at the Museum of Natural History. He immediately became professor of zoology and assistant professor of animal anatomy. Cuvier advanced quickly because of his brilliance and wonderful personality. He became professor at the College de France in 1800. Served many public positions such as councilor of state in 1814 and head of the Interior Department of the Council of State in 1819. Believed that all life could be organized into categories by starting with the simplest organism and ending with humans. Began classifying animals by body plan: the Vertebrata, Articulata, Radiata, and Mollusca. Came up with the Correlation of parts which states that the structure of each organ of an animal is functionally related to every other organ. Also believed that environment determines that anatomical design of an animal. Reconstructed ancient forms of life using fossils. Georges Cuviers great work helped to further the Cuverian system of classification, which dominated natural history in France and England until about 1859. Blaise Pascal: Born on June 19, 1623 in Clermont-Ferrand, France. French philosopher, mathematician, and physicist. Tutored by his father, Pascal proved early on to be a wonderful mathematician. Formulated one of the basic theorems of projective geometry known as Pascals theorem when he was just 16 years old. Invented the first mechanical adding machine in 1642. In 1648, he proved that mer…

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