Stuart Family Album

JAMES I James I ruled from 1603-1625. He was a believer of Absolute Power, as he himself believed he had power bestowed upon him by God ( known as the Divine Right of Kings ). While he occasionally passed statements in favor of the Puritans/Anglicans, he was believed to be ( as most Stuarts ) secretly Catholic. He was not exceedingly fond of Parliament, but had few skirmishes with them, he favored instead, the Lords. He was believed to be a homosexual, and married only out of responsibility to the throne. He was succeeded by Charles I. Charles I Charles I ruled from 1625-1649. He believed in absolute power, and so decided not to call Parliament, as it was his decision whether or not they met; they couldnt do anything without his permission to meet. Due to a Scottish uprising, he found himself in need of money to create an army. Parliament met once upon his request in 1640, refusing his money, and dissolved. After he called them back, they decided to stay together for 20 years ( called the long Parliament )…during which they passed the Triennial Act, Impeached archbishop Laud, and got rid of the High Commission and Star Chamber ( royal courts ). A civil war broke out between the King and Parliament from 1642-1649. Eventually Charles I had the Model Army on his hands, led by Oliver Cromwell and the other Roundheads ( Parliamentarians ). His own Army, the Royalists/Cavaliers, fell to them. In 1649 he was beheaded. He believed in the Divine Right of Kings and attempted to achieve Absolute Power. Married to a Catholic Princess, who strongly influenced him. While in power he worked towards making the Anglicans more Catholic, and persecuted the Puritans. His successor was his Archnemises, the Roundhead leader of the Model Army, Sir Oliver Cromwell. Oliver Cromwell ( non-Stuart ) He ruled from 1653-1658, after 11 years of…

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