Suggest the political and artistic implication of placing the conclusion of Passage to India within the Orientalist paradigm. Ans: It might seem scandalous to reduce E.M.Forster?s A Passage To Indiacomplex and multi-faceted work considered one of the greatest novels of the 20th century to such a concise formula. But we humbly offer up this mantra as our homage to Forster?s novel as a passage into his Passage To India. Published in 1924 when the cracks in the British Empire were just emergingthe novel centers on the trial of an Indian doctor accused of rapingSuggest the political and artistic implication an Englishwoman.The work was the last of Forster?s novels and a thematic departure for him as well. Previous novels such as A Room With A View (1908) Howards End(1910) stayed in Europe focusing on the familiar Edwardian theme of the individual?s struggle against the stifling convention of society. Informed by Forster?s own travels to India in 1912-13 & 1921A Passage To India has been lauded not only for its critique of the British Empirebut also for its stylistic innovation and philosophical density. So a girl walks into a cave????and an empire trembles. One of the reasons that Forster?s novel is so amazing is that it takes an individual ? case-a rape trial-and shows how it sets of network of social politicaland culturalforces that reverberates across the British Empire. Set in india in the early 20th century when it was still a British colonythe novel challenges the claim that British had a right to colonize India. Variously called Britain?s civilizing mission?or in Rudyard Kipling ?s famous linethe white man?s burden?British imperialism was motivated by the idea that the british were a superiorenlightened and more advanced race than non-European peoples and thus had a duty to civilized these peopleby force if necessary(source). British imperialism in India entailed a fundamentally racist set of beliefs about Orientals? a term which denoted anyone living east of western Europefrom North Africa to China . Orientals were considered to be passive weakillogical and morally corrupt with a tendency toward despotism. A Passage To India turns this imperical ideology on its head through its scathing depiction of British colonial bureaucratsits detailed and nuanced portrayal of Indian characters and its invocation of India?s rich history and culture . But it also shows how difficult the path to Indian Independence would be through exploration of the tensions between the Hindu and Muslim character in the novel. Despite its critique of the British Empire Forster?s novel continues to draw controversyparticularly in the field of post-colonial studiesa field devoted to the study of literarysocialand political issues relating to former European colonies . Some critics argue that A Passage To India is still bogged down by the Orientalist stereotypes that the novel condemns. Others take issues with Forster?s exclusion of women from the idealizedthough fraughtfriendships between men in the novel- this exclusion is seen as revealing how the british empire was not only a racist system but a patriarchal one as well. The novel certainly resists easy answers to these daunting questions. As Forster himself remarked When I began the book I thought of it as a little bridge of sympathy between the East and westbut this conception has had to gomy sense of truth forbids anything so comfortable?. To conclude in its refusal of comfortable solutions to pressing political issuesForster?s novel doesn?t gives us a blueprint to a better happier world. InsteadA Passage To India offers a way of thinking critically about our relationship to the world and our relationship to ourselves.”
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