Supreme Court

Supreme Court Research The Supreme Court is the highest in the United States. It is the “final court of appeal and the expositor of the U.S. Constitution”. The United States Supreme Court is now located in Washington D.C. There are presently nine justices that sit upon the court. The court was created by the Constitution in Article 3 of 1787 to act in cases that conflicted with the Constitutional laws and with treaties of foreign affairs. The U.S. Supreme Court has a process for which cases are heard and to which Supreme Court judges are selected. There are two main purposes of the United States Supreme Court. The first purpose of the Supreme Court is to interpret the acts of Congress. This is quite similar to the acts of the lower state courts. The court interprets the law as cases are brought to them. The other function is to determine whether federal and state statutes conform to the Constitution. However the rulings of the Court can be changed if the laws of the Constitution are amended or the opinions are modified later. The other purposes are to involve themselves in foreign affairs that deal with treaties. And they also deal with foreign policy making. There are two ways a case can be heard by the Supreme Court. The first way is to have the highest court of the state rules that the case is rule unconstitutional. The party then files for an appeal to the Supreme Court. However not all appeals are excepted by the Supreme Court. The second way is to have a writ of certiorari issued to the party that is petitioned for a review. The Court only sees a fraction of the cases that are brought to them. So if the writ of certiorari is denied the lower court’s ruling stands. The President of the United States selects the Supreme Court Chief Justices and Associate Justices. Since 1869 there were nine justices that sat on the bench. However though in 1789 when the Court began it started out with six members. Th…

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