The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice

4 February 2000 The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Thesis: In the past juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders. The juvenile justice system has changed in the past 100 years as result of several case laws. I. Introduction II. The first juvenile courts. A. Parens Patriae B. Uniform Juvenile Court Act III. Kent v. United States A. Brief B. Result IV. In Re Gault A. Brief B. Result V. In Re Winship A. Brief B. Result VI. McKeiver v. Pennsylvania A. Brief B. Result VII. Breed v. Jones A. Brief B. Result VIII. Schall v. Martin A. Brief B. Result IX. Conclusion Directed Study 4 February 2000 The Effect of Landmark Supreme Court Cases on Juvenile Justice Three women simultaneously have their purse snatched on three different streets. The ages of the offenders are 12, 16 and 19 years. Police arrest all three. Will all three offenders be processed in the same manner? The answer is no. In the past, juvenile offenders were held to the same standards and sanctions as adult offenders. The juvenile justice system has changed in the past years as a result of several landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions (Samaha 593). During the England common law period, a child became an adult at age seven. Juveniles who violated the law were subject to the same punishments as adults. The punishment for violating the law included whipping, mutilation, banishment, and death. In the 1500s, England passed statues known as poor laws. Poor laws provided overseers to govern destitute and neglected children as servants. Children were forced to work as adults in agricultural, trade, or domestic service. Sweatshops, mines, and factories were the three most common work places for children (Senna 622). In the 1600s and 1700s the Elizabethan poor laws became the model for dealing with juveniles. These laws created a system of ch…

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