“the linguistic Sign”

?the linguistic Sign?Please Make this very straight forward ! My Teacher is very strict and does not like any information out out from the texts. Please number the questions but still write it in an essay form.1. Saussure gives us a scientific definition of language and of the linguistic sign: explain what these definitions are: discuss how they modify our common sense understanding of what language is and how words create meaning: show how they lead us to distinguish between language and image.2. Foucault argues that the relation between image and text is both hierarchical and unstable, discuss the relation it creates between the two forms of communication.3. Explain Foucault?s definition definition of the two principles that ruled plastic representation up until the beginning of the 20th century. Find at least one example that breaks with these rules. Show it how.ONLINE TEXTS: (please let me know if there is any problem:Course in general linguistics ? Saussurehttp://data.ulis.vnu.edu.vn/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2939/1/44_course%20of%20Saussure%20(trung%2034).pdfThis is not a pipe Foucault (ch.3 and 5) (function() { var scribd = document.createElement(“script”); scribd.type = “text/javascript”; scribd.async = true; scribd.src = “#{root_url}javascripts/embed_code/inject.js”; var s = document.getElementsByTagName(“script”)[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(scribd, s); })() PLEASE USE THESE BOOKS ONLINE ONLY ! Be very specific and try to understand the conceptsSOME NOTES FROM CLASS:-Texts are interested in image, and image is interested in text-Two different modes of making sense-They compete for the space of meaning-Words require a code (a dictionary), image has a totally different kind of power-?Either the text is ruled by the image?or else the image is ruled by the text.? (32)-Two systems can neither merge nor intersect-Subordination is required-Verbal signs and visual representations are never given at once-?None of these is a pipe, but rather a text that simulates a pipe; a drawing of a pipe that simulates a drawing of a pipe; a pipe (drawn other than as a drawing) that is the simulacrum of a pipe (drawn after a pipe that itself would be other than a drawing).? (49)-plastic representation ? photographs, paintings, films, statues, music-implies resemblance; visual objects; operated by resemblance; offers, creates, gives you a resemblance of the thing it represents-linguistic reference ? text, letter of reference, doctor?s reference-excludes it; gives a combination of letters, for a concept or idea-HierarchyOne subordinates the otherOne dominates the otherEx. Encyclopedia-Includes a definition of spider, but includes a picture as a supplement to it-Illuminated text-Text dominates image, image supplementsEx. Graph-Image dominates-Text supplements (ex. Legend, numbers)-Helps you to understand what you are seeing***When text and image appear together, they organize themselves into a hierarchy-We impregnate images with meanings that it may have never been meant to have-Image is defenseless-Text is much stronger, can defend itselfSuspended dominance (ex. Poem in back of book titled, ?L?Oeillet?)-As soon as you read the words, you lose the imageAs soon as you look at the image, you don?t see the wordsTHANK YOU SO MUCHAdditional requirements: Number of pages: 5 Number of sources: 2 Citation style: mla Academic level: collegeyear3 Course name: Text and Image- Cultural Studies Course level: 3rd year university!

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